GlyGen's online library of resources for science in glycobiology.

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Research Data

Data resources

A list of publicly available databases, repositories and knowledgebases providing glycan-related information.

Category Website Description Contains Publications Experimental data Curated
Database CAZy The CAZy database describes the families of structurally-related catalytic and carbohydrate-binding modules (or functional domains) of enzymes that degrade, modify, or create glycosidic bonds. Yes
Knowledgebase CAZypedia CAZypedia is a community-driven resource to assemble a comprehensive encyclopedia of the carbohydrate-active enzymes and associated carbohydrate-binding modules involved in the synthesis and degradation of complex carbohydrates. CAZypedia is closely connected with, the actively curated CAZy Database.
Database CSDB: Carbohydrate Structure Database A set of manually curated carbohydrate structure databases with associated metadata (taxonomic annotation, bibliography, and NMR data). There are subdatabases focusing on bacterial carbohydrates, plant and fungal carbohydrates as well as a database for glycosyltransferases. Yes NMR Yes
Database GlycoStore GlycoStore is a curated chromatographic, electrophoretic and mass-spectrometry composition database of N-, O-, glycosphingolipid (GSL) glycans and free oligosaccharides associated with a range of glycoproteins, glycolipids and biotherapeutics. This database associates glycan structures with standardized retention times (UPLC, HILIC-UPLC, CE-LIF, HILIC-HPLC, PGC-LC-ESI-MS/MS). Yes UPLC, HILIC-UPLC, CE-LIF, HILIC-HPLC, PGC-LC-ESI-MS/MS
Repository GlyTouCan GlyTouCan is the international glycan structure repository. This repository is the uncurated registry for glycan structures that assigns globally unique accession numbers to any glycan independent of the level of information provided by the experimental method used to identify the structure. Yes
Knowledgebase UniCarbKB UniCarbKB is a curated knowledgebase of glycosylated proteins, the attached glycan structures and if known, the glycosylation site. Yes Yes
Knowledgebase GlycoPOD GlycoPOD is the glycosciences protocol database. This resources contains an extensive and curated list of experimental protocols and detailed instructions on the execution of these protocols as well as the necessary reagents and hardware. Yes Yes


A list of tools, tool collections or link pages to glycomics related tools.

Category Website Description Experimental data Availability
Tools GRITS Toolbox GRITS Toolbox is a modular software suite for processing, annotating and archiving of glycomics data with a focus on MS data.The software allows users to upload their instrument MS data files in open file formats (either as mzXML or mzML) and annotated them using the integration annotation module Glycomics Elucidation and Annotation Tool (GELATO). Extensions are available to process glycolipid MS data and glycan array data. MS, glycan array Free
Tool collection VirtualGlycome A set of tools for the processing of glycoproteomics MS data and for the drawing of glycan structures consistent with the SNFG structure format. MS Free
Tool collection RINGS RINGS is a web resource providing algorithmic and data mining tools to aid glycobiology research. There are also many tools for converting between different carbohydrate sequence formats, predicting glycan pathways and mapping glycans to organs in human and mouse. Free
Link page ExPASy Bioinformatics Resource Portal A link page providing links and information about glycan-related databases and software tools. Free


List of glycomics related organizations.

Category Website Description Domain
Consortium/Initiative MIRAGE MIRAGE stands for “Minimum Information Required for A Glycomics Experiment”. The aim of the MIRAGE project is to improve the quality of glycomics data in the scientific literature be providing minimum reporting guidelines. Glycomics
Consortium/Initiative GLIC GLIC is the Glycoinformatics Consortium. The purpose of Glycoinformatics Consortium(GLIC) is to provide and maintain a centralized source of software repository for the glycoscientists. In addition, it is aimed to be provided as a communication point for glycoscientists and glycoinformaticians. Glycomics

*** If you want to see your tools and/or data resources on our website, please contact us here.***

Learn Glycobiology

Name Type Description Glycan Protein Glycoprotein
Essentials of Glycobiology e-Book Glycobiology is the study of structure, biosynthesis, biology, and evolution of saccharides that are widely distributed in nature in all living life forms. Yes Yes Yes
Glycan assembly Video Types of glycans found on human glycoproteins, and enzymatic glycan synthesis. Yes
Glycans Video Where are glycans and what do they do? Yes
Inner Life of the Cell Video Full version of inner life of the cell, narrated. Yes
Biochemistry Video Introduction to Proteins Yes
Tools for Glycoprotein analysis Video This tutorial introduces the functions of N- and O-glycans, and discusses enzymes used in deglycosylation. Yes
Tools for Glycoprotein analysis Video NDSU Virtual Cell Animations Project animation 'Protein Modification (Golgi)'. Yes

*** If you want to see your tools and/or data resources on our website, please contact us here.***